The latest data on national water consumption showed a huge supply gap between the national tap water company PAM and the private bottled water companies operating in Indonesia. PAM provided 3.2 billion litres of tap waters in 2013, whereas the bottled water sales in that year reached 20.3 billion litres. The sales number rose to 23.9 billion litres the following year. This indicates that the government still fall short of meeting the demand for water, an essential human needs. Hence it implicates to human rights issues. Indonesia established PAM on ground of securing water access for national consumption. The constitution grants the goverment a full authority over water utilization.

About think archipelago

Since 2012, think archipelago magazine has provided quality and timely publication of various topics for a wide range of audience. It features an accurate mixture of article and images covering social issues, urban diversity, nature and conservation, multiculturalism and art studies. It also provides special coverages, unique reports and mind-broadening photographs that span the globe and read by people across nationalities and backgrounds.


Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s