All posts by think archipelago

Since 2012, think archipelago has provided concise business management publication of various topics to cater for the stakeholders at Archipelago Strategic & Partners Indonesia (ASPI). As it expands into reaching wider audience, the ASPI media subsidiary now also features insightful articles covering environmental and social issues, art studies, history, accompanied by critical review by ASPI professionals.

SMEs pandemic risk and opportunity

According to United Nations special report on SME Day 2020, small, medium and start-up enterprises, which generally employ fewer than 250 persons, are the backbone of most economies worldwide and currently play a key role in developing countries.

According to the data provided by the International Council for Small Business (ICSB), formal and informal small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make up over 90% of all firms and account. While they may be small individually, new ILO data show that micro and small enterprises, together with own account workers, account for a staggering 70% of employment worldwide.

These types of enterprises, with a large share of those classed as micro firms consisting of fewer than ten employees, are responsible for significant employment and income generation opportunities across the world and have been identified as a major driver of poverty alleviation and development.

SMEs tend to employ a larger share of the vulnerable sectors of the workforce, such as women, youth, and people from poorer households – populations with high vulnerability in times of COVID-19. SMEs can sometimes be the only source of employment in rural areas. As such, SMEs as a group are the main income provider for income distribution at the “base of the pyramid”.

Across all countries, SMEs do more than create employment: they are also engines of economic growth and social development. In most OECD countries, SMEs contribute more than 50% of GDP, and some global estimates put this figure as high as 70%. This contribution varies across sectors, and is particularly high in the service industry, where SMEs account for 60% or more of GDP in nearly all OECD countries.

To continue playing their crucial role in creating decent jobs and improving livelihoods, small businesses depend more than ever on an enabling business environment, including support for access to finance, information, and markets.

The Indonesian-based Archipelago Strategic & Partners Indonesia (ASPI) business and management consulting, for their part, play an active role in helping both local SMEs and large enterprises meet ISO standards requirements through system development, competency-based certified training course, and reliable publication to support their partners’ business sustainability.

ASPI marketing director Felice Arlene, M.Si, said that trust is fundamental, as in every business scenes around the globe, but her team are also committed to deliver creative and practical approach to support businesses circumvent risks, while foreseeing the opportunities on the flip side of the coin.

Central Jakarta business district

See also: ASPI business and management consulting portfolio

Small businesses, including those run by women and young start-up entrepreneurs, are being hit hardest by the economic fall-out of the pandemic. Unprecedented lockdown measures enacted to contain the spread of the coronavirus have resulted in supply chain disruptions and a massive drop in demand in most sectors.

A global survey by the International Trade Centre, an agency of WTO and UN, reported in SME Competitiveness Outlook 2020, showed that The majority (55%) of businesses had been strongly affected by the pandemic and the measures taken to contain it. Smaller companies tended to be more strongly affected by COVID-19 than larger ones. Nearly two-thirds of micro and small firms said their business operations were strongly affected by the crisis, compared with about 40% for large companies.

Companies operating in services have been most affected by COVID-19 (Figure 24), with the most severity reported by those in accommodation and food services, followed by non-food manufacturing; retail and wholesale; and travel and transport. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises are overrepresented in most of these sectors. In accommodation and food services, 76% of businesses said their operations were strongly affected by COVID-19 as a result of partial and full lockdown (Figure 24). More than three quarters of companies in this sector experienced a reduction in sales.

On the other hand, COVID-19 has presented an opportunity for some manufacturing firms. About 10% of firms in agri-food processing experienced an increase in sales due to COVID-19.

According to Forbes, a venture capital General Catalyst announced USD 2.3 billion plan for three series of funding, comprising seed funding, growth funding, and further support for the leagues of established start-ups to aim for bigger sales.

In April, General Catalyst executives said of how the pandemic brings forth the technology that allows them to rethink several core services in healthcare, education, and SMEs. Abound with optimism, they believed the founders will march forward while creating wonders out of the pandemic.

Experts opined that it is the time for start-up enterpreneurs to convince the public that they can endure the pandemic. The developing situation suggests some tech-driven opportunities leaning towards several industries including logistics, education, healthcare, and cyber security.

Online-based education start-up Yuanfudao from China recently acquired USD 1 billion fundings, adding up to their valuation at USD 7.8 billion. Initiated by Hillhouse and Tencent Holdings, investors can see the opportunity that underlies parents decision to move their children’s learning activities home, making advantage of all possible virtual means.  

English learning platform Lingumi brought in GBP 4 million in fundings when users recorded 50% increase during strict measures among Chinese citizen.

The founders of the artificial intelligence hotel booking company Pruvo in Israel are delighted to get USD 1.1 billion in seed fundings when the timing seem all at odds for many companies to attract investors.

Opportunity-driven investors are also found in a number of app-based retailers. Data collected by analytics company Apptopia suggested, several apps from the US recorded daily download rates surging in March compared to February.

Coupled with preventive measures by the US governments, the demand for goods delivery and household stocks had boosted Instacart up 218 per cent, Walmart Grocery 160 per cent, and Shipt 124 per cent.


References

Sustainable maritime industry rules

The International Maritime Organization (IMO), ruling by consensus of its 170 members, regulates the increase of energy efficiency and reduction in emissions.

The regulations require new ships to have 10 per cent increased efficiency by 2015. Developing countries, including Liberia and Panama, the two largest ship registries, can apply for a waiver until 2019. Now shipping continues to grow more, along with its emission.

IMO calls maritime transport a relatively small contributor to atmospheric emission compared to aviation or road transport. But combined, they are still second to a billion tons of carbon a year and nearly 4 per cent of greenhouse gases emitted by the maritime industry, due to its enormous size.

On a book Ninety Nine Per Cent of Everything (2013), author George Rose outlined that a giant ship can emit as much pollution into the atmosphere as coal-fired power plant. In 2009, it was calculated that the largest fifteen ships could be emitting as much as 760 million cars. For decades nobody noticed that, if added, shipping ranked sixth among the list of polluting countries. Ships create more pollution than Germany.

Ships burn bunker fuel, which takes its name from the coal bunkers it used to be stored in. Bunker, the real name is Residual Fuel Oil, is still the cheapest of all types, but dirty. It is unrefined that a person can walk on it at room temperature. Even the spokesperson for Intertanko, an association of independent tanker owners, calls it “crud” and “one step from asphalt.”

Burning bunker fuel releases into the atmosphere gases and particulate matter, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur dioxide, black carbon, and particulate organic matter.

Read also: ASPI professionals help maritime organizations develop ISO 14001:2015 environmental management system

There are many environmental rules to follow in the ocean. SOLAS requires shipping to prevent, reduce, and control pollution of the marine environment from any source. MARPOL, which entered into force in 1983 and has been ratified by 136 countries, has rules that govern the discharge of oil, garbage, and sewage.

Paper, for instance, can be discharged twelve miles out, but plastic is never permitted. Sewage sludge can also be dicharged twelve miles out, and it also applies to cruise ships, which can carry six thousand people.

Sewage can add to ocean nitrification and the vastly increasing number of dead zones where excessive nutrients-present in sewage and agricultural runoff-have sucked ocygen from the sea, creating anoxic zones where fish and other life can no longer live. In 2003, there were 146 ocean dead zones. Five years later 400.

Dredging equipment Split Barge GJ 501 off Sulawesi Sea, Indonesia.

As an IMO member council, Indonesia is committed to play an active role in marine pollution prevention in national and international waters alike. Coinciding with the implementation of new fuel regulation by 1 January 2020, Indonesian government mandates Indonesian flag ships and international ships to use 0.50% m/m sulphur concentration limit in fuel to reduce the amount of sulphur oxide emanating from ships and should have major health and environmental benefits for the world, particularly for populations living close to ports and coasts.

In addition, the country’s sea transportation authorities issued a decree in October 2019 mandating the use of low-sulphur fuel and the gas exhaust management in Sea Transportation Directorate General Decree NoSE.35/2019.

The regulatory umbrella derives from the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Convention) Annex VI Regulation 14, IMO Resolution Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) 307(73) : 2018 Guidelines for the Discharge of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Bleed-Off Water, and on national level, the Indonesian Transportation Ministerial Regulation No. 29/2014 on Maritime Environment Pollution Prevention.

Researcher at the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Daniel Lack , was aboard the NOAA research vessel Ronald H. Brown in the Gulf of Mexico in 2006, testing an instrument he had built that could measure black carbon in the atmosphere.

Lack found that there is such a large amount of particle emissions.

He learned that bunker fuel burns inefficiently. The more inefficiently a fuel burns, the more black carbon particles are emitted. Only forest fires produce more black carbon than bunker fuel. Bunker fuel can have a sulfur content of up to 45,000 parts per million (ppm), Low-sulfur diesel for cars is supposed eto contain 10 ppm.

Modeling studies led by James Corbett, a marine policy professor at the University of Delaware’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, produced a startling data in 2007: shipping emission of particulate matter accounted for approximately 60,000 cardiopulmonary and lung cancer deaths annually. 70 per cent of the pollution occurs within 250 miles of land, near coastlines linked to busy shipping lanes in Europe, East Asia, and South Asia. In Los Angeles, half of all smog from sulfur dioxide comes in from ships.

The 1997 Kyoto Protocol did not even consider ships, as they focused on aviation and cars. The IMO did not anounce a timetable of meetings to deal with greenhouse gases in shipping until 2006, and the first meeting took place only in 2008.

It now becomes more commonplace that shipping conferences have some sustainability-themed components, such as clean ships, green ships, wind power for sailing ships, or “cold ironing”, meaning that ships do not keep their engines running while they are in port, but are powered by shoreside electricity.

Maerks Kalmar set sail in 2010 powered by two containers full of Soladiesel made from microscopic algae.

Richard Branson’s initiative The Carbon War Room explained that fuel-efficient ships can save the industry USD70 billion a year and cut emissionby 30 per cent. Every ton of fuel can cut carbon dioxide emissions by 3 tons. Going on 15 knots instead of 20 can save millions.

Read also: Richard Branson venture into ecopreneurship and sociopreneurship

 

 

Jakarta air quality during pandemic lockdown

The sky seemed blue for once in the eyes of Jakartans, some even claimed to smell fresher air as they commuted past the lesser traffic during lockdown. Emission level may seem thinner, but a harmful air pollutant such as fine particulate matter (PM2.5), persists.

Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), on a report co-released with Greenpeace, said the fear of pandemic had variably impacted the air quality of Southeast Asian cities. The level of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) showed significant decreases year on year in Jakarta, Manila, and Bangkok, particularly due to halts in transporation and manufacture activities. Similarly, Kuala Lumpur even recorded 60 per cent drop.

But PM2.5, at the diameter size of 2.5 micrometers, continues to loom Jakarta, as it had been for years, despite NO2 down 40 per cent YoY, making it still the most polluted region in Southeast Asia, according to CREA analyst Isabella Suarez, in a press release received at ASPI desk last Friday.

Judging from the 1 Januari – 22 April 2020 data, she is convinced that the air pollutant is emitted from the surrounding industrial regions of Bodetabek, and the coal-fired plants especially in Cilegon, Banten, and Indramayu, West Java.

Greenpeace Indonesia climate and energy spokesperson Bondan Andriyanu said in a teleconference on 30 April that Jakarta is surrounded by a number of coal power plants (PLTU) in radius of 100 kilometers. Among the emitted substances is PM2.5.

There are 5 such plants currently in operation, with additional 4 planned.

According to Greenpeace Indonesia, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry repeatedly dismissed the capability of these plants bringing impacts to the capital region, pointing on the rampant construction activities instead.

Meanwhile, difference in standard measurements adds up to the risks, and remain unreconciled. WHO tolerate up to 25 microgram per cubic meter per 24-hour, not to mention aiming for annual mean exposure threshold of 10, whereas the Indonesian government, as stipulated in the Air Pollution Control Act Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 41 tahun 1999 tentang Pengendalian Pencemaran Udara, set the limit 2.5 times higher at 65 per day, or annual threshold at 15.

Based on data from United States-based air-quality website AirNow, the annual PM2.5 concentration in Central Jakarta in 2019 was at average 40.1. This year, daily average was 30.13 from March 16 to 25, and 15.48 from March 26 to April 4.

Data by AirVisual, one of the world’s largest real-time air quality information platforms, suggested that visual clarity the Jakartans brag about recently does not translate into good air quality, looking at the 16 March to 14 April records.

For example, air quality on 13 April, referring to the United States Air Quality Index (US AQI) was recorded at 113 with PM2.5 concentration at 40.2. By US AQI standard, Jakarta air quality that day was “unhealthy for sensitive groups”.

The 2019 Air Quality Report by IQAir ranked Jakarta the 5th most polluted capital of the world, behind Delhi (98.6), Dhaka (83.3), UlaanBaatar (62), and Kabul (58.5).

In Southeast Asia, 5 top polluted cities are all Indonesian: South Tangerang (81.3), Bekasi (62.6), Pekanbaru (52.8), Pontianak (49.7), and Jakarta (49.4).

The following COVID-19 Air Quality Report covering 10 cities with historically high levels of PM2.5 pollution, however, underlined the biggest drop in Delhi average PM2.5 rate to 32.8, outperforming Wuhan at 35.1. Both cities entered moderate level by WHO category.

Environmental group Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (Walhi) in a slightly pessimistic tone urged the specific health-prone group living in Jakarta to wear protective masks, on the absentmindedness of the government, when interviewed mid last year.

On a separate discussion held by Komite Penghapusan Bensin Bertimbel, Jakarta, an activist even perceived the act of ignorance by the authorities as a violation of human rights, taking into account pasal 9 ayat 3 Undang-Undang nomor 39 tahun 1999 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia, stating a person’s right to live in a good and healthy environment.

In August 2019, 31 citizens grouped in Tim Advokasi Gerakan Ibu Kota sought legal action against the government for the losses caused by air pollution, in this case, the president of the Republic Indonesia, the ministers of environmental and forestry, public affair, health, governors of Jakarta, West Java, and Banten.

In tackling the issue, Jakarta Environment Agency head Andono Warih said in October that the Jakarta governor has issued a decree named Instruksi Gubernur Nomor 66 Tahun 2019. 

The final verdict of the citizen lawsuit is still pending, possibly until late 2020, a source with a knowledge of the situation said.

Walter Mischel self control

Photo by David Dini, courtesy of Columbia University

Walter Mischel (1930 – 2018) adalah salah satu psikolog paling berpengaruh di dunia berkat penelitian berkelanjutan sepanjang karirnya sebagai pengajar Psikologi, mulai dari Universitas Colorado, Harvard, Stanford, hingga Columbia, terhadap perilaku manusia dari segi kemampuan untuk mengendalikan diri (self-control) dan penundaan kesenangan (delaying gratification).

Pengakuan atas kontribusinya terbukti dari pengangkatan dirinya sebagai anggota American Academy of Arts and Sciences pada tahun 1991, kemudian anggota National Academy of Sciences pada 2004, dan presiden Association for Psychological Science (APS) pada 2007. Penghargaan yang telah ia terima antara lain University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award in Psychology pada 2011, kemudian the Golden Goose Award, bersama rekannya sesama anggota APS Yuichi Shoda dan Philip Peake atas pencapaian besar di bidang ilmu pengetahuan yang bermanfaat bagi masyarakat

Karya penting Walter berasal dari hasil eksperimen ia dan koleganya terhadap pengendalian diri dan kualitas kehidupan beberapa dekade kemudian, yang dikenal dengan marshmallow test.

Mengutip jurnal yang diterbitkan Asosiasi Psikologi Amerika (APA), berawal dari pengukuran kemampuan peserta eksperimen dari kalangan anak-anak untuk menahan godaan menikmati marshmallow, eksperimen ini dilanjutkan oleh para kolega B.J. Casey, PhD, Yuichi Shoda, PhD, dan lainnya hingga penemuan kausalitas dalam jangkauan yang lebih luas antara pengendalian diri di masa kecil dan seberapa baik pencapaian dalam hidup mereka saat sudah dewasa di usia 40an.

Mengutip rangkuman dari ASPI financial advisor Agus Chang, B.Sc, MPM, dalam artikel Tes Marshmallow tolok ukur potensi sukses, penelitian lanjutan menunjukkan mereka yang ketika kecil menunggu untuk mendapatkan lebih banyak cenderung memiliki kehidupan yang lebih bahagia, lebih sukses, dan secara finansial lebih mapan dibandingkan dengan mereka yang dulu memilih langsung memakan kudapan yang ada di hadapan.

Walter lahir di Vienna, Austria dari keluarga keturunan Yahudi. Mereka menyelematkan diri dari ancaman persekusi rasial Nazi (holocaust) ke Amerika Serikat pada 1938. Ia besar di Brooklyn, mendapatkan gelar S1 dan S2 di New York University, dan gelar PhD psikologi klinis di the Ohio State University pada 1956.

Menurut testimoni orang-orang di sekelilingnya dari obituari yang diterbitkan APS, Walter sudah terbiasa dengan insomnia yang membuatnya hanya tertidur 4-5 jam sehari. Ia tidak pernah mengeluh meski didiagnosa penyakit celiac, sejenis penyakit autoimun, pada usia 40an, atau osteoporosis pada usia 70an. Ia justru membalikkan situasi buruk dengan, misalnya, berpetualang mencari alternatif kuliner yang belum pernah dicicipinya, atau giat berolahraga untuk menurunkan berat badan demi melawan penyakit-penyakitnya.

Walter juga tertarik pada psikologi kepribadian dan konsep adaptasi manusia terhadap perubahan lingkungan yang dramatis. Ia mengambil contoh ayahnya yang ia gambarkan hidup dengan kebanggaan di tengah kemapanan karirnya di kampung halaman, dan ibunya yang mudah iritasi dan emosional di rumah. Setelah mereka menetap di New York, ayahnya bekerja sebagai karyawan di toko dengan kepribadian yang berubah, kini minder, dan ibunya yang menyadari bahwa keluarga butuh uang untuk bertahan hidup, bekerja sebagai pelayan, dan berubah menjadi penyemangat hidup keluarga.

Diingat oleh para murid dan rekannya sebagai seorang pecinta seni rupa di luar dedikasinya terhadap ilmu psikologi, seorang teman yang telah mengenalnya 20 tahun mengatakan tidak ada studi kepribadian sepenting penemuan Walter semenjak karya Sigmund Freud.

Namun, dari artikel The New Yorker oleh Maria Konnikova yang dulu adalah murid S2 Walter saat di Columbia University pada 2008, Walter diketahui menjadi seorang pecandu rokok dan penghisap rokok tembakau pipa. Ketika diwawancarai, ia mengaku sebagai perokok 3 bungkus sehari, sebelum ia memutuskan berhenti, meski butuh perjuangan melewati fase putus sambung, setelah melihat seorang pasien sekarat kasus perokok kronis di unit kedokteran Stanford University.

Dari sana, setiap kali ada dorongan, ia menciptakan gambaran mengerikan tentang perokok sekarat tersebut di benaknya yang kemudian membuat ia mengurungkan niat merokok, selamanya.

Baca juga: Tes Marshmallow tolok ukur potensi sukses

Mischel Walter menerbitkan buku pertamanya The Marshmallow test: mastering self control pada tahun 2014 di usia 84 tahun yang berisi kumpulan memoar, ilmu pengetahuan, dan panduan.

Buku tersebut memandu pembaca menciptakan faktor yang dapat mendinginkan (cool) dorongan kuat atau faktor impulsif (hot). Walter percaya bahwa kemampuan untuk menunda kesenangan sama dengan kemampuan untuk membuat pilihan yang baik di tengah godaan. Dengan begitu kita meraih kebebasan dalam arti sesungguhnya: bebas dari faktor impulsif dalam pengambilan keputusan yang baik.

Sama seperti ia mencontohkan pengendalian diri dalam perjuangannya ketika memutuskan berhenti merokok.

Pelatihan manajemen risiko bersama Prashetya Quality

Bekerja sama dengan perusahaan jasa keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (PJK3) PT Pusat Sertifikasi Prasetya, lead auditor ASPI Purnadi Phan, B.Ed, CSE, berbagi ilmu manajemen risiko dalam kaitannya dengan sistem manajemen keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (SMK3).

Topik di atas menjadi bagian dari rangkaian pelatihan Ahli Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Umum sertifikasi Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia yang diselenggarakan di peusat pelatihan Prashetya Quality, Jakarta, 11 Maret 2020.

Topik:

  1. Sistem manajemen keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (SMK3) mengacu pada Peraturan Pemerintah No. 50 tahun 2012, mencakup pemahaman dasar, elemen SMK3, tahapan penerapan, hingga pemetaan kriteria audit secara umum.
  2. Manajemen risiko, mencakup konsep, identifikasi dan pengendalian risiko, studi kasus kecelakaan kerja dan diskusi terkait aspek pasca insiden atau lesson learned.

PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi HR management foundation level training

ASPI business management training unit successfully run the human resources management foundation level training at the head office of Wowo dynabolt manufacturer PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi, Tangerang 26 December 2019 and 9 January 2020.

The ASPI-certified training was delivered on two separate days by ASPI senior HR consultant Sally Condro, B.Psy, introducing the basic understanding of human capital, the foundation and development of HR as a field of expertise, and ultimately, the practical knowledge in managing people at workplace based on process approach, consisting of:

  1. Identifying the company culture
  2. Mapping the structure and job description that fit the objective
  3. Recruitment and the documentation
  4. Performance management
  5. Human development

The training was made comprehensive with the presentation of relevant case studies, discussion on the best practice at the company, and creative solutions to a number of internally unresolved issues.

Sandi Kala, seni performans karya 69 Performance Club

Sandi Kala is a performing arts by 69 Performance Club, supported by Studiohanafi and Forum Lenteng. think archipelago is a proud media partner of the event held in Galerikertas – Studiohanafi, Saturday, 15 February 2020, 1:00 – 5:00 PM.

Kerap catatan peristiwa masa lalu menjadi pembacaan untuk masa depan yang dihadirkan pada hari ini. Narasi yang merekam riwayat tertentu dikenal masyarakat sebagai ramalan, primbon, hingga tradisi yang berbasis lokasi. Misalnya tradisi kampung tua Kinta di Palu, Sulawesi Selatan, yang banyak terkait erat dengan kondisi geologi wilayahnya sejak lampau.

Riwayat semacam ini menyandarkan kepercayaannya pada sebuah ide bahwa segala pengetahuan telah tersedia di semesta, tinggal bagaimana para penghuninya mampu mengambil sari dari catatan tersebut menjadi sebuah pengetahuan.

Akan tetapi, pengetahuan semacam ini sering disalahartikan oleh pengetahuan modern sebagai takhayul belaka. Berbagai pertemuan, baik dengan sistem, budaya, maupun peradaban baru telah menggeser keberadaan pengetahuan ini.

Kita tak lagi pandai mengakses tanda-tanda yang terserak pada semesta alam dan semesta sosial manusia sehingga kesulitan menyusun kode-kode pengetahuan tersebut. Ia menjadi seakan tersembunyi, rahasia, dan tak terjangkau.

Pada edisi ke-18 ini, 69 Performance Club mengangkat kuratorial “Sandi Kala” yang mengajak para partisipannya menggali kode-kode narasi kolektif yang tercecer dan menghadirkan kembali potensi performatifnya, terutama narasi kolektif yang tersimpan dalam teks, baik teks sebagai tulisan maupun dalam konteks yang lebih luas, melalui teks, gerak dan bentuk serta relevansinya dengan sebaran narasi kolektif di kawasan Asia Tenggara.

Tentang 69 Performance Club

69 Performance Club adalah sebuah inisiatif yang digagas oleh Forum Lenteng untuk studi fenomena sosial kebudayaan melalui seni performans. Kegiatan 69 Performance Club berupa workshop dan performans setiap bulan, diskusi, serta riset tentang perkembangan performans di Indonesia. Inisiatif ini terbuka untuk para pemerhati, peminat dan seniman untuk terlibat secara aktif menjadi bagian dari program-program 69 Perfomance Club.

Karya-karya 69 Performance Club telah dipresentasikan antara lain di SMAK Museum, Ghent, Belgium, TranzitDisplay Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic, Ministry of Foreign Artists, Geneva, Switzerland, Teater Garasi, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Ilmin Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea, dan GoetheHaus, Jakarta. Karya-karya dapat dilihat di http://www.69performance.club.

Biografi seniman

Otty Widasari (Balikpapan, 1973) adalah seniman, penulis, sutradara film, dan salah satu pendiri Forum Lenteng. Pada tahun 2015, pameran tunggalnya berjudul Ones Who Looked at the Presence diselenggarakan di Ark Galerie, Yogyakarta. Kemudian pada tahun 2016, pameran tunggal keduanya, Ones Who Are Being Controlled diadakan di Dia.Lo.Gue, Jakarta. Kedua pameran tersebut merupakan proyek berkelanjutan Otty dalam rangka penelitiannya terhadap arsip film kolonial yang ia mulai sejak residensi di Belanda.


Pingkan Polla (Magelang, 1993), seniman yang berfokus pada seni performans dan seni rupa. Anggota Forum Lenteng sebagai seniman dan peneliti di Milisifilem dan 69 Performance Club. Ia memulai praktik artistiknya semenjak tergabung dalam proyek seni AKUMASSA-Diorama dengan melakukan observasi visual terhadap diorama-diorama yang ada di Museum Nasional. Pengetahuan itu kemudian berkembang ke arah seni performans semenjak ia tergabung dalam platform 69 Performance Club. Karya-karya performansnya berfokus pada studi tubuh dan kerja, media sosial, dan studi atas performans di ruang privat hingga ruang publik. Pada tahun 2019, ia sempat melakukan residensi di Bangsal Menggawe di Pemenang, Lombok Utara, dan melakukan riset tentang persinggungan antara seni pertunjukan dan seni performans. Selain itu, ia pun telah mengikuti residensi di Bulukumba, dalam rangka Makassar Biennale 2019.


Robby Ocktavian (Samarinda, 1990) adalah seorang seniman dan organisator seni yang gemar menayangkan film di celah-celah kota Samarinda bersama kawan-kawan Sindikatsinema. Ia juga adalah direktur MUARASUARA – Sound Art Festival dan Naladeva Film Festival di Samarinda. Menyelesaikan studi Hubungan Internasional di Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda dan kemudian belajar memahami dan memproduksi visual di Forum Lenteng dalam program Milisifilem Collective.


Dhuha Ramadhani (Jakarta, 1995) adalah seorang penulis dan pembuat film. Menyelesaikan pendidikan sarjana di Departemen Kriminologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Indonesia. Anggota Forum Lenteng aktif. Pada 2018, ia menjadi salah satu kurator ARKIPEL untuk program Candrawala. Sekarang, dia juga seorang partisipan di Milisifilem Collective dan 69 Performance Club.


Riyadhus Shalihin acapkali melakukan penelitian atas obyek ruang dan arsip, seperti lokasi penggusuran, foto keluarga, reruntuhan bioskop, jembatan sungai, kompleks pemakaman, atau pun furnitur kolonial, sebagai latar penciptaan karya teater, performance art, video art, dan teks drama. Ia adalah co-founder dan direktur artistik Bandung Performing Arts Forum (B.P.A.F), yang bekerjasama dengan Theatre MUIBO ( Tokyo ) dalam proyek kolaborasi teater Once Upon A Time – The Fallen Boat (2019) dengan bantuan dari Japan Foundation. Leow Puay Tin (Malaysia) untuk proyek teater US NOT US pada Asian Dramaturgs Network, Yogyakarta – 2018. Anggota dari Majelis Dramaturgi – yang diinisiasi oleh Teater Garasi Yogyakarta. Menulis esai teater, tari, dan seni rupa di majalah Tempo, Sarasvati, Pikiran Rakyat, Indopos, dan Jawa Pos.

Biografi Kurator

Anggraeni Dwi Widhiasih (Sleman, 1993) adalah seorang kurator, penulis, seniman yang berdomisili di Jakarta. Setelah menamatkan studi Hubungan Internasional di Universitas Paramadina, ia menjadi anggota aktif di Forum Lenteng dan terlibat dalam Milisifilem Collective, sebuah kelompok studi produksi film melalui praktik eksperimen visual. Sebagai sebuah produk audiovisual, film bagi Anggra memiliki keterhubungan erat dengan persoalan sistem di masyarakat, teknologi media, produksi pengetahuan dan aspek kepenontonan. Hal-hal ini pun yang kerap muncul dalam kerja-kerja keseniannya, baik dalam bentuk kuratorial, tulisan, maupun karya visual. Selain aktif dalam skena seni dan film, ia juga terlibat dalam platform eksperimen ekonomi bernama Koperasi Riset Purusha dan Prakerti Collective Intelligence.


Prashasti Wilujeng Putri (Jakarta, 1991) adalah seorang seniman dan manajer seni. Ia seorang lulusan kriminologi, Universitas Indonesia. Penari dari Komunitas Tari Radha Sarisha dan Anjungan Jawa Tengah Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. Ia memulai proses artistiknya sendiri sejak bergabung di 69 Performance Club pada 2016. Ia pernah melakukan residensi di Silek Art Festival di Solok, Sumatra Barat pada 2018, melakukan riset tentang silek (silat) dalam kehidupan tubuh-tubuh kontemporer. Hasil residensinya berupa karya video, dan dilanjutkan dengan karya performans yang dibawakan di Ilmin Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea Selatan. Karya-karyanya yang lain fokus pada soal tubuh yang didefinisikan dan dibentuk oleh masyarakat, dan bagaimana seni performans bisa merekonstruksi hal itu. Sandi Kala merupakan karya kuratorialnya yang pertama.

Photos courtesy of 69 Performance Club.

PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi ISO 9001:2015 certified training course by ASPI

ISO 9001 foundation level training at PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi, 2019.
Trainees participated in a series of workshops in the ISO 9001 foundation level training at PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi, 29 November 2019.

The business management training unit of Archipelago Strategic & Partners Indonesia (ASPI) successfully conducted ISO 9001:2015 quality management system foundation level certified training course at the head office of dynabolt manufacturer PT Anugrah Metalindo Abadi, Tangerang, by ASPI lead auditor Purnadi Phan, B.Ed, CSE, on 29 November to 7 December 2019.

Having achieved a decade of nationwide market domination, the workers have demonstrated a strong sense of work culture and unique values that only challenge ASPI team to introduce the benefits of ISO 9001 through a meticulously planned training program.

The effectiveness of a training program and the related workshops, which comprise key issues from risk management, leadership, to the understanding of requirements by all identified related parties, including ISO 9001 standard clauses, enables the smooth integration of quality standard into the existing management trait.

Moreover, the clear presentation of ISO 9001 awareness module ensures the conformance of training outcome compared to what was planned in the early process, generating a likely chance of the successful certification audit ahead.

Burudiri, catatan Hanura Hosea

Hanura Hosea, perupa kelahiran Wates, Jawa Tengah, yang kini menetap di Jerman, telah menampilkan 220 karya di pameran tunggalnya Alihan di Galerikertas Studiohanafi sejak November 2019, sebelum bertindak sebagai fasilitator di workshop Burudiri bersama 4 perupa muda pilihan. Karya-karyanya telah muncul di berbagai pameran, antara lain di Artipoli Art Gallery, dan Art Stage Singapore. Ia kerap membawakan isu sosial politik Indonesia.

Judul ini muncul sesudah saya tenggelam dalam pusaran pertanyaan-pertanyaan di acara presentasi karya. Ada tujuh orang, semua cowok, yang menyodorkan karya-karya mereka. Sementara beberapa hadir untuk mengukuhkan acara ini.

Karya-karya ditaruh paralel dalam pembuatnya. Mereka berbaring minta dibedah, siap berbahagia disayat-sayat. Seorang teman, Ugeng, datang menawarkan diri untuk memeriahkan obrolan.

Acara pun jadi meletup. Penuh semangat. Udara Jakarta panas lembab lengket-lengket di kulit, warna abu-abu berjuntai di langit. Ketujuh cowok ini mengusung hal yang sama, yaitu mau. Ada mau atau bukan-mau pada diri mereka dan itu banyak sekali, berserakan di lantai galeri, mengapung di atas ubun-ubun dan berhamburan di udara.

Berapa banyaknya, saya tidak tahu. Tetapi untuk sementara beberapa mau itu bisa dijumlahkan. Mau membuat karya, itu penjumlahan sementaranya. Mau itu tenaga. Buru diri merupakan usaha khayal bahwa diri dijadikan obyek ataupun obyek-obyek. Khayalan lain tentang buru diri adalah membelah-belah subyek jadi banyak.

Peristiwa perburuan akan terjadi bila ada yang memburu dan yang diburu. Dalam konteks ini antara subyek dan obyek akan bertukar peran. Dengan demikian diri punya kapasitas untuk bermain dengan dan dalam coba-coba. Jika membuat karya seni rupa dianggap sebuah eksperimen, maka salah satu kiat kerjanya adalah karya sebelumnya/lainnya diletakkan sebagai acuhan. Begitu harapannya.

Buru diri bisa menemukan jalannya lewat karya. Karya akan berargumen terhadap pembaca, sedangkan pembaca akan memutuskan selera (sebuah kemampuan sosial), untuk suka atau tidak terhadap karya, semisal. Proses-proses ini mencoba meletakkan buru diri tidak untuk menjinakkan tetapi justru meliarkan kembali diri.

Kami memulai dengan membaca bersama-sama karya-karya yang mereka presentasikan. Lewat karya-karya ini dicoba untuk membuat karya baru. Gagasan awal yang mereka bawa dijadikan dasar eksperimen untuk membuat karya-karya berikutnya.

Empat perupa dapat kesempatan untuk bermain-main dengan eksperimen ini. Ivan dengan gagasan dusunnya yang tergusur untuk pembangunan jalan layang rel kereta api. Dimas mencoba membenturkan diri pada komunikasi personal dengan ayahnya. Edy memakai kamera sebagai alat penoreh. Abul mencoba menari dengan percepatan logika digital. Itu sekelumit gagasan-gagasan dari hasil workshop Burudiri.

Sebagaimana sebuah eksperimen, hasil merupakan janji yang samar. Hasil yang mungkin pasti adalah tersesat dalam pertikaian gagasan-gagasan. Dalam persiapan memamerkan hasil workshop ini tentu banyak hal harus dilampaui. Setiap individu punya usungan batasan-batasan sendiri-sendiri.

Mungkin yang mirip pada empat perupa ini adalah waktu terbatas, fisik diri terbatas, anggaran terbatas. Kompromi juga bagian dari usaha buru diri. Lewat kompromi ini kita jadi punya ketegasan batasan diri yang harus diterima.

Dari batasan hal-hal di atas, paling tidak diri punya kepastian pegangan untuk bernegosiasi dalam buru diri. Mungkin juga tidak. Kita nikmati saja berita tubuh mereka dalam pameran ini. Karya (mungkin) berubah, sedangkan manusia (konon menurut sejarahnya) tidak pernah.